Burns are the damages caused to the skin or other body parts due to extreme heat, flame, contact with heated objects, or chemicals.
Burns are caused due to various means like-
Fire - Caused by flames resulting in the injury to skin and tissues within depending on the intensity of the flame.
Hot Liquid - Caused by hot liquids, the burn (also called scald in this case) remains longer depending upon the viscosity (thickness) of the liquid.
Hot object - Caused when the skin comes into contact with any hot object. The contact burn is only localised to the area where the contact has happened.
Sunburn - Damage to the skin caused by ultraviolet (UV) rays, which are emitted from the sun.
Electricity -Caused by currents of electricity. These burns are very deep and serious. Immediate proper care is necessary
Flammable gases - Caused due to inhaling harmful flammable gases, injuring the upper respiratory tract.
Categories of burns
- Injury to only the outermost layer of the skin, called the epidermis.
- Redness, tenderness or pain, and swelling usually describe these burns.
- No blisters are formed.
- Leave a mild scar or change the skin tone.
- Recovery within a week.
- Usually caused by contact burn (when skin touches hot object)
- Damage is caused too the first and second layer of the skin - dermis and epidermis.
- They are painful and appear soft and pink.
- Blisters are formed, which sometimes ooze out.
- Take around 2-6 weeks to heal.
- Caused due to hot liquids or UV burns.
- All the layers of the skin are burnt - the epidermis, the dermis, and the hypodermis.
- Fat, nerves, muscles, and bones may be affected.
- Damage of this sort causes the skin to appear a filmy white.
- The area isn't generally painful because nerve endings have been damaged.
- Since a large amount of tissue may be destroyed, healing is very slow and considerable scarring results.
- Caused by fires, electricity, or corrosive chemicals.
- Caused due to inhaling flammable gases and fumes.
- Can lead to airway swelling and inability to breathe
- Such condition should be addressed immediately and the affected person should be brought to the hospital immediately, though the condition hasn't worsened
Raw potatoes - Raw potatoes are an effective home remedy for burns that provide relief from burning.
- Take a few slice of potatoes. Place it on the burn.
- If possible let place these slice in the freezer for a minute. Then applying provides quicker action.
- You can also grate a potato. Press lightly on the burn.
- As potato juices seep through, you will get respite.
Egg whites - This home remedy is ideal for reducing burning sensation and getting rid of scars too.
- Take 2-3 eggs. Separate the white from the egg.
- Whisk the white as quickly as possible. Apply on the burn
- You can also use egg white powder here.
- Add some rose water to egg whites to soothe.
- You can also mix honey with egg whites for double action.
Diluted vinegar - You can use either apple cider vinegar, rice wine vinegar or any other pure fruit vinegar. Don’t use the chemical based ones.
- Take 1/2 cup of any pure vinegar. Mix with 1/2 cup water
- Soak a clean cloth in the vinegar. Squeeze excess liquid off and compress
- You can also cool vinegar in the refrigerator. Then do cold compress.
- Use cotton balls for smaller areas. Refresh and repeat as required.
- Adding few drops of essential oils like lavender helps here too.
Flour remedy - Whole wheat flour or even white flour (maida) provides instant relief. You don’t have to do much preparation here.
- If the burn is on hand, put it in the flour box. Let it stay for about 10 minutes
- Don’t apply or clean with water. You can also sprinkle flour on affected area.
- Flour should be dry.
- An exception here is if you have yoghurt at home. Mix some yoghurt with flour and apply.