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Burns ? Know more here

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Burns are the damages caused to the skin or other body parts due to extreme heat, flame, contact with heated objects, or chemicals. 


Burns are caused due to various means like-

Fire - Caused by flames resulting in the injury to skin and tissues within depending on the intensity of the flame.

Hot Liquid - Caused by hot liquids, the burn (also called scald in this case) remains longer depending upon the viscosity (thickness) of the liquid.

Hot object - Caused when the skin comes into contact with any hot object. The contact burn is only localised to the area where the contact has happened.

Sunburn - Damage to the skin caused by ultraviolet (UV) rays, which are emitted from the sun.

Electricity -Caused by currents of electricity. These burns are very deep and serious. Immediate proper care is necessary

Flammable gases - Caused due to inhaling harmful flammable gases, injuring the upper respiratory tract.


Categories of burns 

First-degree -

  1. Injury to only the outermost layer of the skin, called the epidermis.
  2. Redness, tenderness or pain, and swelling usually describe these burns.
  3. No blisters are formed.
  4. Leave a mild scar or change the skin tone.
  5. Recovery within a week.
  6. Usually caused by contact burn (when skin touches hot object)


  1. Damage is caused too the first and second layer of the skin - dermis and epidermis.
  2. They are painful and appear soft and pink.
  3. Blisters are formed, which sometimes ooze out.
  4. Take around 2-6 weeks to heal.
  5. Caused due to hot liquids or UV burns.


  1. All the layers of the skin are burnt - the epidermis, the dermis, and the hypodermis.
  2. Fat, nerves, muscles, and bones may be affected.
  3. Damage of this sort causes the skin to appear a filmy white.
  4. The area isn't generally painful because nerve endings have been damaged.
  5. Since a large amount of tissue may be destroyed, healing is very slow and considerable scarring results.
  6. Caused by fires, electricity, or corrosive chemicals.

Inhalation burns

  1. Caused due to inhaling flammable gases and fumes.
  2. Can lead to airway swelling and inability to breathe
  3. Such condition should be addressed immediately and the affected person should be brought to the hospital immediately, though the condition hasn't worsened

Home Remedies

Raw potatoes - Raw potatoes are an effective home remedy for burns that provide relief from burning.

  • Take a few slice of potatoes. Place it on the burn.
  • If possible let place these slice in the freezer for a minute. Then applying provides quicker action.
  • You can also grate a potato. Press lightly on the burn. 
  • As potato juices seep through, you will get respite.  


Egg whites - This home remedy is ideal for reducing burning sensation and getting rid of scars too.

  • Take 2-3 eggs. Separate the white from the egg.
  • Whisk the white as quickly as possible. Apply on the burn
  • You can also use egg white powder here.
  • Add some rose water to egg whites to soothe.
  • You can also mix honey with egg whites for double action.


Diluted vinegar - You can use either apple cider vinegar, rice wine vinegar or any other pure fruit vinegar. Don’t use the chemical based ones.

  • Take 1/2 cup of any pure vinegar. Mix with 1/2 cup water
  • Soak a clean cloth in the vinegar. Squeeze excess liquid off and compress
  • You can also cool vinegar in the refrigerator. Then do cold compress.
  • Use cotton balls for smaller areas. Refresh and repeat as required.
  • Adding few drops of essential oils like lavender helps here too.


Flour remedy - Whole wheat flour or even white flour (maida) provides instant relief. You don’t have to do much preparation here.

  • If the burn is on hand, put it in the flour box. Let it stay for about 10 minutes
  • Don’t apply or clean with water. You can also sprinkle flour on affected area.
  • Flour should be dry. 
  • An exception here is if you have yoghurt at home. Mix some yoghurt with flour and apply.
posted Sep 7, 2016 by Pallavi

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Related Articles
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Bed-wetting in children is the unintentional (involuntary) discharge of urine during the night. 


A small bladder - The child's bladder may not be developed enough to hold urine produced during the night and a full bladder may not wake the child. This happens when the nerves that control the bladder are slow to mature.

Hormonal imbalance - During childhood, some kids don't produce enough anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) to slow nighttime urine production.

Stressful events - Events like having a new younger sibling, starting a new school, or sleeping away from home may trigger bed-wetting.

Urinary tract infection - A UTI can sometimes cause bed wetting, which persists only until the infection prevails.

Sleep apnea - Sometimes bed-wetting is a sign of obstructive sleep apnea, a condition in which the child's breathing is interrupted during sleep — often due to inflamed or enlarged tonsils or adenoids.

Diabetes - For a child who's usually dry at night, bed-wetting may be the first sign of diabetes. 

Chronic constipation - The same muscles are used to control urine and stool elimination. When constipation is long term, these muscles can become dysfunctional and contribute to bed-wetting at night.


  1. Wetting during the day
  2. Frequency, urgency, or burning on urination
  3. Straining, dribbling, or other unusual symptoms with urination
  4. Cloudy or pinkish urine or blood stains on underpants
  5. Inability to control bowel movements
  6. Constipation
  7. Other signs and symptoms may include snoring, frequent ear and sinus infections, sore throat, or daytime drowsiness.

Home Remedies

Olive oil
  • Heat some olive oil and rub it on the lower abdomen of the child.
  • The heating effect of the olive oil will help develop better bladder control
Fennel seeds
  • To a glass of warm milk, add 1 tsp of fennel seed powder
  • Add 1 spoon of sugar to it (Can add 2 if needed)
  • Give this to the child before he/she goes to bed
  • Cinnamon can be rightly called as the wonder bark due to various health benefits.
  • Make the child chew half an inch of cinnamon bark every day. 
  • If not, cinnamon powder mixed with sugar can be sprinkled on his favorite sandwich/toast/muffin 
  • Extract the pulp of gooseberries and sprinkle some pepper powder on it.
  • Make the child consume this before going to bed
  • Simply mix some gooseberry powder in a glass of milk and give to your child before going to bed
+1 vote

What are Allergies?

Allergies are abnormal reactions of the immune system that occur in response to otherwise harmless substances. The substance could be drugs, foods, environmental irritants, microbes, physical conditions like temperature.


  1. Airborne allergens, such as pollen, animal dander, dust mites and mold
  2. Certain foods, particularly peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, soy, fish, shellfish, eggs and milk
  3. Insect stings, such as bee stings or wasp stings
  4. Medications, particularly penicillin or penicillin-based antibiotics
  5. Latex or other substances you touch, which can cause allergic skin reactions


  1. Itching in the nose, roof of the mouth, throat, eyes
  2. Sneezing
  3. Stuffy nose (congestion)
  4. Runny nose
  5. Tearing eyes
  6. Dark circles under the eyes

Home Remedies

Apple Cider Vinegar - Being used for multiple purposes, this is also best utilized to overcome allergies. 

  • Simply mix a tsp of Apple Cider Vinegar in a glass of water and consume this every morning. This not just prevents the allergies from setting up, but also cleanses the lymph nodes, decreasing the mucus production.


Probiotics - Probiotics work wonders in maintaining a healthy digestive system and overall health. The gut bacteria of the mother impacts the immunity of the baby throughout. Thus, the major credit of the way your immunity works goes to your mother. If you are frequently prone to allergies include probiotics in your meal twice a day. 

  • Include a cup of yogurt in your meal. Flavored yogurt can also be opted if plain isn't much pleasing.
  • Supplements of probiotics in the form of capsules are also available.
  • Pickles are loaded with probiotics since they are preserved for a long time


Turmeric - One of the wonder spice, turmeric has a lot of benefits including allergy remedies. 


  • Add extra turmeric instead of normal amounts to the dishes.
  • A tsp of turmeric mixed in a glass of warm milk, consumed at night has excellent results


Local honey - This is more effective than the processed honey. 

  • Have a teaspoon of local honey every morning with empty stomach
  • Mix one teaspoon of local honey with 1 teaspoon of lemon juice in a glass of warm water. 
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What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is not a single disease, it is an informal way of referring to joint pain or joint disease.

Types of Arthritis: 


The most common type of arthritis, involves wear-and-tear damage to your joint's cartilage — the hard, slick coating on the ends of bones. Enough damage can result in bone grinding directly on bone, which causes pain and restricted movement. This wear and tear can occur over many years, or it can speeden up by a joint injury or infection.

Rheumatoid arthritis

In Rheumatoid Arthritis, the body's immune system attacks the lining of the joint capsule, a layer that encloses all the joint parts. This lining, becomes inflamed and swollen. The disease process can eventually destroy cartilage and bone within the joint.




  1. Injury (leading to osteoarthritis),
  2. Hereditary factors,
  3. Any direct and indirect effect of infections (bacterial and viral),
  4. An auto-immune disorder (Process where body's fighter cells, treat body's own cells as threat)



  1. Pain
  2. Stiffness
  3. Swelling
  4. Redness
  5. Decreased range of motion
  6. Fatigue
  7. Loss of energy
  8. Lack of appetite
  9. Low grade fever
  10. Chest pain while breathing in
  11. Dry eyes and mouth
  12. Burning and itching of the eye; and discharge from the eye
  13. Nodules beneath the skin
  14. Numbness, tingling or burning in the hands and feet
  15. Sleep disturbances

Home Remedies 


Turmeric - Due to it's anti-inflammatory properties turmeric comes as a boon to rheumatoid arthritis. 

  • Mix 1 tea spoon of turmeric is a glass of warm milk and drink it at night before going to bed. Make sure this is done on alternate days, as daily consumption might sometimes generate side effects like heat.
  • Drinking fresh turmeric juice is the most effective than in any other form
  • Consuming 500-1000 mg of turmeric capsule thrice per day is also an option.

Epsom salt - Due to high amounts of magnesium Epsom salt is used as a pain reliever. 

  • Add 1 cup of Epsom salt in a big bowl of water and soak the area of the body which is sored due to pain. 
  • Alternatively, you can take bath using this water if the area of pain is not convenient enough to soak.

Cinnamon - It is enriched with anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties, thus acts as a pain reliever

  • 1/2 tsp of Cinnamon mixed in 1 tsp of honey should be added to one glass of warm water. Drink this every morning with an empty stomach.


Extra virgin olive oil - Lubrication is an important aspect to be taken care of when arthritis is diagnosed. Extra virgin olive oil acts as an excellent lubricant.

  • 2-3 tablespoon of oil can be massaged on the sore joints 2-3 times a day. Make sure the pressure applied during massage is gentle. 



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What is anemia?

Anemia is a condition that develops when the blood lacks enough healthy Red Blood Cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin. Lack of hemoglobin directly maps to lack of oxygen, which affects the overall functioning of the organs. 


  1. Certain clinical effects, like bleeding from the intestine or gut, which could be due to injury or surgery
  2. Pregnancy
  3. Heavy menstrual periods
  4. Crohn’s disease (Inflammatory disorder of the digestive tract, causing diarrhea, bloody stools, weight loss etc)
  5. Thalassaemia (Inherited disease causing abnormal hemoglobin synthesis)
  6. Leukaemia ( Cancer of tissue which produces blood)
  7. Kidney failure
  8. Rheumatoid arthritis (Inflammatory disorder which affects joints)
  9. Hormonal imbalances
  10. Improper diet


  1. Feeling lethargic 
  2. Shortness of breath
  3. Becoming easily fatigued
  4. Pale appearance of skin
  5. Sleeplessness

Home Remedies 

They are the excellent source of iron and dietary fibers. Due to abundant iron content, peaches help in hemoglobin production and increase the number of RBCs, thus the risk of anemia is addressed.
2-3 strands of saffron in a glass of milk consumed daily can be effective in overcoming anemia.
Fennel seeds 
Packed with minerals and nutrients fennel seeds are useful in the quick production of RBCs, faster than any other medication. 3tbsp of  fennel seeds with 3 tbsp of rose petals should be boiled in two cups of water . This concoction should be cooled down, strained and consumed twice a day.
These are rich in folic acid and iron. Consuming 2-3 lychees per day will help treat anemia. 
+1 vote

What is Acne? 

Acne is a common skin disease characterized by pimples on the face, chest, and back. It occurs when the pores of the skin become clogged with oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria. 


  1. Age - Age impacts the formation of pimples greatly. Due to the hormonal changes, the teenagers are more likely to develop acne. 
  2. Gender - Boys have more severe acne and develop it more often than girls. 
  3. Disease - Hormonal disorders can complicate acne in girls. 
  4. Heredity - Individuals with a family history of acne have greater susceptibility to the disease. 
  5. Hormonal changes - Before menstruation, during pregnancy, and menopause, girls see a sudden appearance of acne. 
  6. Diet - It is a myth that certain foods cause acne, but in reality, they just flare up the process causing Acne. 
  7. Drugs - Might appear as a side effect of drugs including tranquilizers, antidepressants, antibiotics, oral contraceptives,and anabolic steroids. 
  8. Personal hygiene - Abrasive soaps, hard scrubbing, or picking at pimples will make them worse. 
  9. Cosmetics - Oil-based makeup and hair sprays worsen acne. 
  10. Environment - Exposure to oils and greases, polluted air, and sweating in hot weather aggravate acne. 
  11. Stress - Emotional stress may contribute to acne. 


  1. Whiteheads 
  2. Blackheads 
  3. Small red, tender bumps on skin 
  4. Pimples (pus at the tip) 
  5. Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin 
  6. Painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin

Home Remedies 


1. Aloe Vera - Because of it's antimicrobial and anti inflammatory properties, Aloe Vera is used to not just get rid of acne but also to remove scars. 

  • To get rid of acne - Mix 2 tbsp of aloe vera gel extracted from the leaf, 1 tbsp of honey and 1 tsp of turmeric and blend it well to form a paste. Apply this for 20 mins and wash with warm water. Use this twice a week to get rid of all the inflammation and redness of acne
  • To remove the scars - Mix 2 tbsp of tomato juice with 1 tbsp of aloe vera gel to form a smooth paste. Dip a cotton ball into it and gently dab the skin with the cotton ball. Leave it for 15 minutes and wash the face with warm water.


2. Green Tea - 

  • Boil 2 cups of water and place 2 green tea bags in it for 15-20 minutes. Add a teaspoon of honey to it. This concoction cleanses the body and skin inside out. 
  • To wash the face with green tea, boil 2 bowls of water along with 2 tbsp of green tea leaves an allow it to cool. Splash this 2-3 times to get an instant relief from acne inflammation and redness.


3. Apple Cider Vinegar -

  • To get rid of acne - Mix 2 tbsp of ACV, 1 tbsp lemon juice, 1 tsp honey in a glass of water and drink it before meals. 
  • To cleanse skin and avoid dirt - 2 tbsp ACV in 1/4th cup of water , dip a cotton ball into it and apply it on face. Wash after 15 minutes.
We don't provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See additional information.