Insulin pumps are defined as small, computerised devices that help to keep a check on your diabetes. The size of the same is like a beeper and it can be worn on the belt or even in your pocket. It features a flexible tube that is compact in size, with a fine needle on one end. This needle is inserted into the skin of the abdomen and a tape keeps the same in place.
The idea of using these pumps is to ensure that your body gets a steady flow of insulin. The cost of these pumps can be rather high and usually professional athletes, those undergoing rigorous physical exercises, etc. are suggested the same.
If you are using a pump, then you would have to monitor your blood sugar levels at 4 times a day. If needed, your exercise regime or program is then adjusted as per the results of the insulin pump. Your food habits too determine the overall insulin intake. There are many health care providers who would rather use these pumps over injections as the body keeps getting slower but gradual doses of insulin, which helps the pancreas to function better.
On the whole these insulin pumps give you a dose on the basis of-
• Basal rate- This is fluctuating and keeps changing through the day. The pump checks for this rate and gives you mini insulin doses as needed.
• Bolus- These are doses that help to counter the extra carbohydrate in meals. Every time you eat, the body requires different insulin levels based on what you consumed. The bolus insulin takes care of this.
• Correction or supplemental doses- This is provided on the basis of - if and when needed. In particular, if your blood glucose is rather high prior to a meal then correction or supplemental insulin is given.
Though it works better than regular insulin injections, its cost and maintenance issues might be an impediment for many.