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What is the step by step procedure followed during IUI, are there any side effects after the procedure?

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posted Jan 18, 2016 by anonymous

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2 Answers

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Ovulation: If the woman has no issues with fertility, no drugs are administered to assist ovulation. If there are any, then fertility drugs are given, which induce ovulation.
Detection of ovulation: The careful monitoring of ovulation is necessary to identify the maturity level of the eggs. It is done by a blood test, which checks for the level of luteinizing hormone in blood, characterized by its higher levels during ovulation(14th day of 28 days cycle).
Washing of sperm sample: The sample of sperms is washed or screened to identify the highly motile ones separating it from the fluid around. It also involves removal of toxins from the semen sample, which might induce allergic reactions in some woman. Thus a healthy sperm is chosen for fertilization.
Placing the sperm inside the uterus: After identifying the fastest moving sperms, they are placed on a catheter which is inserted into the uterus, placing the sperms near the fallopian tubes. This increases the probability of formation of embryo.

The following video gives a complete explanation of the process which is followed in every IUI cycle.

There are no fatal side effects of IUI, however sometimes multiple births, gestational diabetes, pre-mature delivery could be major aftermath. The minor ones include pain during the process, but the chances are less. Cramping is the most common side effect. If hormones are given post the procedure then hot flushes, mood swings, swelling of ovaries, discomfort, nausea etc could be some of the visible symptoms.

answer Jan 19, 2016 by William
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Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is defined as a form of artificial insemination and is a process for treating infertility. Here the washed sperms are concentrated or kept right on the uterus around the time you are expecting ovulation, thus increasing your chances at fertility. Earlier this process was based on placing sperm in the vagina, but that wasn’t really successful.

Step One

The process involves lying down on an exam table or bed. Then the legs of the female are put into stirrups and a speculum is used for inserting the sperms through the vagina. It is much like the Pap test.

Step Two

Then they use or attach a vial that contains the samples of the healthy sperm. It is connected with the long and then flexible tube, which is called catheter. This catheter is then inserted into the vagina via the cervical opening and into uterus.

Step Three

The sperm is then pushed through the tube into the uterus. Post this the catheter is removed along with speculum.

Step Four

You would be requested to lie on your back for a little while. This allows sperms to reach and attach to the fallopian tube faster. Then you can leave the clinic and resume normal activities. Some spotting may be experienced.

Side Effects

  • Infection remains to be a crucial side effect but less than 1% women suffer from this post this procedure.
  • A little bit of vaginal bleeding is common but nothing severe or to worry about.
  • Multiple pregnancy is perhaps one of the bigger risks associated with this process. Research shows that IUI is not really related to higher isks of multiple pregnancy which include triplets or even more. But if you are taking some kind of ovulation inducing medicine, then there is a high risk here. This could mean higher pregnancy risks and lower birth weight for the baby.
answer May 10, 2016 by Swaroop
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