The term Meditation describes a variety of practices with a variety of goals. It usually involves turning the attention inward to the mind itself. Meditation is often recognized as a component of Eastern religions, having originated Vedic Hinduism. It has also become mainstream in Western culture. It encompasses any of a wide variety of spiritual practices which emphasize mental activity or quiescence. Meditation can be used for personal development, or to focus the mind on God. Many practice meditation in order to achieve peace, while others practice certain physical yogas in order to become healthier.
Yoga is a family of ancient spiritual practices originating in India. It is one of the six schools of Hindu philosophy, in which it is often paired with Samkhya, and they are referred together as the Samkhya-Yoga school.