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1. Intra Uterine Insemination: Placing the man’s sperm in woman’s uterus using a catheter. Less expensive, less invasive.
2. In-Vitro Fertilization: Harvesting egg/eggs from the woman’s body, fertilizing it with the sperms in a dish in the laboratory, followed by placing the embryo (fertilized egg) into the uterus. It is expensive and more invasive compared to IUI.
3. Third Party Assisted ART
• Egg donation: Preferred when the woman produces unhealthy eggs, has genetic disease which might be inherited to the next generation or has issues with the uterus or fallopian tubes. Eggs from the donor are extracted through aspiration method of IVF and fertilized with the sperms. The resulting embryo is placed into the woman’s uterus. Thus, the child will have genetic link with the father alone.
• Sperm donation: Preferred when the man has lesser sperm count, no sperms at all or a genetic disease with the possibility of its transfer to next generation. The sperms from the donor are collected and fertilized either through IUI or IVF. The child shares the genetic link with the mother alone.
• Surrogacy: Involves when a woman agrees to bear the child for another couple who would have any of the above mentioned fertility issues. Embryo is produced either through IUI or IVF and the woman carries the baby to term.