Medications: Pain killers like Ibuprofen, Acetaminophen or Non-Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) are used to relieve the cramps. These however act upon the symptoms rather than curing or curbing further proliferation of endometriosis.
Hormonal therapies: Oral contraceptive pills are prescribed to regulate the levels of estrogen and progesterone which might ease the pains during menstrual cycle. The pain is recessive only until the dosage exists. Sometimes hormonal supplements are suggested to keep the symptoms under control.
Conservative Surgery: Laparoscopy is one of the techniques used to scrape out the extra growth through minimal invasive surgery. An open surgery is also preferred if the growth is wide spread.
Radical surgery: Hysterectomy is suggested when the symptoms do not subside in spite of repeated treatments. A complete hysterectomy involves removal of uterus, cervix and ovaries. Removal of ovaries is a must since; it releases estrogen which might trigger the growth of endometrium in future.
Combination of medication and surgery: Medicines after surgery could help postpone the recurrence of endometriosis in future.
The following video explains endometriosis and its management in detail: