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Burns ? Know more here

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Burns are the damages caused to the skin or other body parts due to extreme heat, flame, contact with heated objects, or chemicals. 

Causes:

Burns are caused due to various means like-

Fire - Caused by flames resulting in the injury to skin and tissues within depending on the intensity of the flame.

Hot Liquid - Caused by hot liquids, the burn (also called scald in this case) remains longer depending upon the viscosity (thickness) of the liquid.

Hot object - Caused when the skin comes into contact with any hot object. The contact burn is only localised to the area where the contact has happened.

Sunburn - Damage to the skin caused by ultraviolet (UV) rays, which are emitted from the sun.

Electricity -Caused by currents of electricity. These burns are very deep and serious. Immediate proper care is necessary

Flammable gases - Caused due to inhaling harmful flammable gases, injuring the upper respiratory tract.

 

Categories of burns 

First-degree -

  1. Injury to only the outermost layer of the skin, called the epidermis.
  2. Redness, tenderness or pain, and swelling usually describe these burns.
  3. No blisters are formed.
  4. Leave a mild scar or change the skin tone.
  5. Recovery within a week.
  6. Usually caused by contact burn (when skin touches hot object)

Second-degree

  1. Damage is caused too the first and second layer of the skin - dermis and epidermis.
  2. They are painful and appear soft and pink.
  3. Blisters are formed, which sometimes ooze out.
  4. Take around 2-6 weeks to heal.
  5. Caused due to hot liquids or UV burns.


Third-degree

  1. All the layers of the skin are burnt - the epidermis, the dermis, and the hypodermis.
  2. Fat, nerves, muscles, and bones may be affected.
  3. Damage of this sort causes the skin to appear a filmy white.
  4. The area isn't generally painful because nerve endings have been damaged.
  5. Since a large amount of tissue may be destroyed, healing is very slow and considerable scarring results.
  6. Caused by fires, electricity, or corrosive chemicals.


Inhalation burns

  1. Caused due to inhaling flammable gases and fumes.
  2. Can lead to airway swelling and inability to breathe
  3. Such condition should be addressed immediately and the affected person should be brought to the hospital immediately, though the condition hasn't worsened

Home Remedies

Raw potatoes - Raw potatoes are an effective home remedy for burns that provide relief from burning.

  • Take a few slice of potatoes. Place it on the burn.
  • If possible let place these slice in the freezer for a minute. Then applying provides quicker action.
  • You can also grate a potato. Press lightly on the burn. 
  • As potato juices seep through, you will get respite.  

 

Egg whites - This home remedy is ideal for reducing burning sensation and getting rid of scars too.

  • Take 2-3 eggs. Separate the white from the egg.
  • Whisk the white as quickly as possible. Apply on the burn
  • You can also use egg white powder here.
  • Add some rose water to egg whites to soothe.
  • You can also mix honey with egg whites for double action.

 

Diluted vinegar - You can use either apple cider vinegar, rice wine vinegar or any other pure fruit vinegar. Don’t use the chemical based ones.

  • Take 1/2 cup of any pure vinegar. Mix with 1/2 cup water
  • Soak a clean cloth in the vinegar. Squeeze excess liquid off and compress
  • You can also cool vinegar in the refrigerator. Then do cold compress.
  • Use cotton balls for smaller areas. Refresh and repeat as required.
  • Adding few drops of essential oils like lavender helps here too.

 

Flour remedy - Whole wheat flour or even white flour (maida) provides instant relief. You don’t have to do much preparation here.

  • If the burn is on hand, put it in the flour box. Let it stay for about 10 minutes
  • Don’t apply or clean with water. You can also sprinkle flour on affected area.
  • Flour should be dry. 
  • An exception here is if you have yoghurt at home. Mix some yoghurt with flour and apply.
posted Sep 7, 2016 by Pallavi

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The fluid-filled blisters which usually appear at the edge of the lips, nostrils or chin are called cold sores. They are caused by a herpes simplex virus.

Causes 

  1. High Fever
  2. Having another infection like an infection of respiratory tract
  3. Emotional and psychological stress
  4. Menstruation or hormonal imbalances
  5. Consistent tiredness or fatigue
  6. Exposure to strong sunlight
  7. Any changes in the immune system

 

Symptoms 

  1. Pain in and around the mouth, depending on the area where the blister is formed. 
  2. Mouth ulcers
  3. Swelling of lips
  4. Chewing and Swallowing difficulties due to pain
  5. Sore throat
  6. Swollen glands
  7. Elevated body temperature
  8. Dehydration 
  9. Nausea
  10. Headaches

Home Remedies

Hydrogen peroxide 

Hydrogen peroxide helps to disinfect and heal up the surfaced sore to spread or worsen.

  • Take 1 tablespoon of hydrogen peroxide. 
  • You will also need some cotton balls, cotton pads, or facial tissue
  • Soak the cotton balls in hydrogen peroxide
  • Place it directly on the store. Hold for a few seconds.
  • Then dab it again and re-apply. Let the ball stay on the area for about five minutes
  • You can then rinse it off using the same ball.

 

Vitamin E and C foods

The next step here would be eating more of Vitamin E and C foods that fight cold sores. Foods that you can eat here include

  • Red berries, Kiwi, broccoli, tomatoes, red and green peppers, spinach, etc.
  • You can also consume nuts, leafy greens, avocado and whole grains
  • Vitamin enriched oil can be applied on the sore.
  • Almond oil too is rich in vitamin E and can be used.

 

Cornstarch

Cornstarch aids in drying up the cold sores thus hastening the recuperation process.

  • 1 spoon of fresh cornstarch or corn flour. Mix it with same quantity of water.
  • Apply on the cold sores. Let it dry completely. 
  • Rinse off.
  • To the same mixture add 1-2 drops of either tea tree, peppermint or even eucalyptus oil.
  • Mix well and apply. Wash off when dry.

 

Lemon balm

The use of lemon balm is a quick remedy for dealing with cold stores

  • Take any organic lemon balm for lips. Apply on lips and cold sore.
  • Make sure the balm is free of harmful preservatives
  • You can also use tea tree based lemon balm.
  • Take leaves of lemon balm. Crush and puree them. Apply on cold sore.
  • Use lemon balm oil mixed with cornstarch.
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Athlete's foot

A common fungal infection between the toes in which the skin becomes itchy and sore, followed by cracking and peeling away.

Causes

  1. Contact with contaminated surfaces, such as towels, floors, and shoes.
  2. When feet are exposed to damp and warm conditions, they multiply rapidly.
  3. Thick, tight shoes are more likely to trigger athlete's foot because they squeeze the toes together, creating ideal conditions for the fungus to thrive. 
  4. Athlete's foot commonly spreads around swimming pools and communal showers 

Symptoms

  1. Dry skin,
  2. Itching,
  3. Burning,
  4. Redness of the feet.
  5. Blistering, peeling,
  6. Cracking of the skin,
  7. Bleeding may occur.
  8. Wet and white appearance of affected area

Home Remedies

 
Tea 
 
  • The tannic acid in tea is natural astringent which helps to keep the moisture away. 
  • Steep 5 tea bads in 1 litre of water and allow it to boil. 
  • Let it warm and soak your feet in this concoction.
  • It is suggested you repeat it twice day for best results.

Cinnamon

  • Add 8-10 sticks of Cinnamon in 4 cups of water and boil it for 5 minutes. 
  • Let it steep for 45 minutes more, while it cools.
  • Dip your feet for 15-20 minutes.
Organic Neem oil
 
  • This is enriched with natural pesticides. 
  • Apply the oil using a cotton ball to affected areas everyday before going to bed
 
Yogurt
 
  • The acidophilic bacteria in yogurt act as a natural fighter of fungus. 
  • Apply on affected area and leave for 25-30 minutes and rinse off.

Image source - Google
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Bed-wetting in children is the unintentional (involuntary) discharge of urine during the night. 

Causes

A small bladder - The child's bladder may not be developed enough to hold urine produced during the night and a full bladder may not wake the child. This happens when the nerves that control the bladder are slow to mature.

Hormonal imbalance - During childhood, some kids don't produce enough anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) to slow nighttime urine production.

Stressful events - Events like having a new younger sibling, starting a new school, or sleeping away from home may trigger bed-wetting.

Urinary tract infection - A UTI can sometimes cause bed wetting, which persists only until the infection prevails.

Sleep apnea - Sometimes bed-wetting is a sign of obstructive sleep apnea, a condition in which the child's breathing is interrupted during sleep — often due to inflamed or enlarged tonsils or adenoids.

Diabetes - For a child who's usually dry at night, bed-wetting may be the first sign of diabetes. 

Chronic constipation - The same muscles are used to control urine and stool elimination. When constipation is long term, these muscles can become dysfunctional and contribute to bed-wetting at night.

Symptoms

  1. Wetting during the day
  2. Frequency, urgency, or burning on urination
  3. Straining, dribbling, or other unusual symptoms with urination
  4. Cloudy or pinkish urine or blood stains on underpants
  5. Inability to control bowel movements
  6. Constipation
  7. Other signs and symptoms may include snoring, frequent ear and sinus infections, sore throat, or daytime drowsiness.

Home Remedies

 
Olive oil
  • Heat some olive oil and rub it on the lower abdomen of the child.
  • The heating effect of the olive oil will help develop better bladder control
Fennel seeds
  • To a glass of warm milk, add 1 tsp of fennel seed powder
  • Add 1 spoon of sugar to it (Can add 2 if needed)
  • Give this to the child before he/she goes to bed
Cinnamon
 
  • Cinnamon can be rightly called as the wonder bark due to various health benefits.
  • Make the child chew half an inch of cinnamon bark every day. 
  • If not, cinnamon powder mixed with sugar can be sprinkled on his favorite sandwich/toast/muffin 
 
Gooseberries
 
  • Extract the pulp of gooseberries and sprinkle some pepper powder on it.
  • Make the child consume this before going to bed
  • Simply mix some gooseberry powder in a glass of milk and give to your child before going to bed
 
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What are Allergies?


Allergies are abnormal reactions of the immune system that occur in response to otherwise harmless substances. The substance could be drugs, foods, environmental irritants, microbes, physical conditions like temperature.

Causes

  1. Airborne allergens, such as pollen, animal dander, dust mites and mold
  2. Certain foods, particularly peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, soy, fish, shellfish, eggs and milk
  3. Insect stings, such as bee stings or wasp stings
  4. Medications, particularly penicillin or penicillin-based antibiotics
  5. Latex or other substances you touch, which can cause allergic skin reactions

Symptoms

  1. Itching in the nose, roof of the mouth, throat, eyes
  2. Sneezing
  3. Stuffy nose (congestion)
  4. Runny nose
  5. Tearing eyes
  6. Dark circles under the eyes

Home Remedies

Apple Cider Vinegar - Being used for multiple purposes, this is also best utilized to overcome allergies. 

  • Simply mix a tsp of Apple Cider Vinegar in a glass of water and consume this every morning. This not just prevents the allergies from setting up, but also cleanses the lymph nodes, decreasing the mucus production.

 

Probiotics - Probiotics work wonders in maintaining a healthy digestive system and overall health. The gut bacteria of the mother impacts the immunity of the baby throughout. Thus, the major credit of the way your immunity works goes to your mother. If you are frequently prone to allergies include probiotics in your meal twice a day. 

  • Include a cup of yogurt in your meal. Flavored yogurt can also be opted if plain isn't much pleasing.
  • Supplements of probiotics in the form of capsules are also available.
  • Pickles are loaded with probiotics since they are preserved for a long time

 

Turmeric - One of the wonder spice, turmeric has a lot of benefits including allergy remedies. 

 

  • Add extra turmeric instead of normal amounts to the dishes.
  • A tsp of turmeric mixed in a glass of warm milk, consumed at night has excellent results

 

Local honey - This is more effective than the processed honey. 

  • Have a teaspoon of local honey every morning with empty stomach
  • Mix one teaspoon of local honey with 1 teaspoon of lemon juice in a glass of warm water. 
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What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is not a single disease, it is an informal way of referring to joint pain or joint disease.
 

Types of Arthritis: 

Osteoarthritis

The most common type of arthritis, involves wear-and-tear damage to your joint's cartilage — the hard, slick coating on the ends of bones. Enough damage can result in bone grinding directly on bone, which causes pain and restricted movement. This wear and tear can occur over many years, or it can speeden up by a joint injury or infection.

Rheumatoid arthritis

In Rheumatoid Arthritis, the body's immune system attacks the lining of the joint capsule, a layer that encloses all the joint parts. This lining, becomes inflamed and swollen. The disease process can eventually destroy cartilage and bone within the joint.

 

Causes 

 

  1. Injury (leading to osteoarthritis),
  2. Hereditary factors,
  3. Any direct and indirect effect of infections (bacterial and viral),
  4. An auto-immune disorder (Process where body's fighter cells, treat body's own cells as threat)

 

Symptoms

  1. Pain
  2. Stiffness
  3. Swelling
  4. Redness
  5. Decreased range of motion
  6. Fatigue
  7. Loss of energy
  8. Lack of appetite
  9. Low grade fever
  10. Chest pain while breathing in
  11. Dry eyes and mouth
  12. Burning and itching of the eye; and discharge from the eye
  13. Nodules beneath the skin
  14. Numbness, tingling or burning in the hands and feet
  15. Sleep disturbances

Home Remedies 

 

Turmeric - Due to it's anti-inflammatory properties turmeric comes as a boon to rheumatoid arthritis. 

  • Mix 1 tea spoon of turmeric is a glass of warm milk and drink it at night before going to bed. Make sure this is done on alternate days, as daily consumption might sometimes generate side effects like heat.
  • Drinking fresh turmeric juice is the most effective than in any other form
  • Consuming 500-1000 mg of turmeric capsule thrice per day is also an option.
 

Epsom salt - Due to high amounts of magnesium Epsom salt is used as a pain reliever. 

  • Add 1 cup of Epsom salt in a big bowl of water and soak the area of the body which is sored due to pain. 
  • Alternatively, you can take bath using this water if the area of pain is not convenient enough to soak.
 

Cinnamon - It is enriched with anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties, thus acts as a pain reliever

  • 1/2 tsp of Cinnamon mixed in 1 tsp of honey should be added to one glass of warm water. Drink this every morning with an empty stomach.

 

Extra virgin olive oil - Lubrication is an important aspect to be taken care of when arthritis is diagnosed. Extra virgin olive oil acts as an excellent lubricant.

  • 2-3 tablespoon of oil can be massaged on the sore joints 2-3 times a day. Make sure the pressure applied during massage is gentle. 

 

 

We don't provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See additional information.
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