Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition that includes various types of diabetes. In this case, the body is either unable to make insulin and if it makes the same, it is unable to absorb it. Checking the risks of this disease is possible through both clinical and natural means.
One of the best ways to go about this would be checking your risk of the disease at Indian Diabetes Risk Score Calculator. It checks your height, weight, age, ethnicity and other related factors to give an evaluative overview. There are some blood tests that help in the same too-
Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG)
The blood test checks your fasting blood glucose levels, where you have not had anything to eat or drink in the last 8 hours prior to the test. It is ideally done in the morning.
The A1C test checks average blood glucose in the past few months. There is no need to fast or drink anything.
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
The OGTT is a long two-hour test for checking blood glucose levels before and 2 hours after having something sweet like glucose.
In all three case, chances of pre diabetes are high if
- You have A1C of 5.7% – 6.4%
- Fasting blood glucose of 100 – 125 mg/dl
- OGTT 2 hour blood glucose of 140 mg/dl – 199 mg/dl
Other symptoms that puts you at higher risks of the same are-
- Increase or decrease in your ideal body weight. Obese people are more
likely to develop diabetes as are people who have BMI higher than 30
- Excessive weight loss too can be an indicator.
- Individuals with very sedate habits or lifestyle are more prone to
- Other signs to check for include, slow healing of wounds and
infections. Darkening of skin in some areas along with overall
increase in levels of fatigues are early signs of the same.