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Migraine: Causes, Symptoms and Home Remedies

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migraines

Migraines are characterized by more intense and severe headache often accompanied by several symptoms in addition to headache. The duration of a migraine attack can often fluctuate, usually migraine attacks will last at least 4-5 hours. It is better to consult a physician if you experience migraine symptoms for more than three days.

 

Symptoms

 

  • Moderate to severe headache. It can affect the whole head or can shift from one side to the other.
  • Sensitivity to light, sound, or odors.
  • Aura or blurred vision are also often caused by migraine.
  • You may also experience nausea, dizziness, or fatigue.
  • You may notice paleness.
  • Fever, loss of appetite, or vomiting are also common when you have migraine.

 

Causes

 

  • In women, migraines are usually caused by hormonal changes. Fluctuations in estrogen trigger headache.
  • Poor diet; consumption of salty foods, aged cheeses, processed foods may contribute to migraines.
  • Alcohol consumption or caffeinated beverages also trigger migraines.
  • Stress, change in sleep-wake pattern also prompt migraine.
  • High-pitch noise, bright lights, beaming sun glare can also induce migraine.
  • Intense physical excretion also leads to migraines.
  • Certain medications such as oral contraceptives, vasodilators can provoke migraines.

 

Home Remedies To Cure Migraine 

 

Apple Cider Vinegar

 

  • Having rich nutritional properties, apple cider vinegar helps relieve migraine.
  • Add one tablespoon each of apple cider vinegar and honey to a glass of water. Drink this mixture daily to prevent migraine as well as to treat migraine.
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Ginger

ginger

  • Ginger is an effective remedy for migraines. Ginger successfully blocks prostaglandins, which are lipid compounds that stimulate muscle contractions, affect hormones, control blood vessel inflammation in the brain.
  • Chew some pieces of ginger regularly.
  • Alternatively, add few slices of ginger to one and half a cup of boiling water. Leave it for 10 minutes and strain the water, add little honey and lemon. Drink this few times a day.
  •  

Ice Pack

 

  • Ice pack is the most simplest and easiest home remedy for getting rid of migraine. It has a numbing effect that reduces pain.
  • Just wrap few ice cubes in a clean cloth and place it on forehead and back of the neck for 10-15 minutes. Repeat at regular intervals.

Cayenne Pepper

cayenne pepper

  • Cayenne pepper is an effective cure for migraine as it stimulates blood circulation. Also, it contains a painkiller compound called capsaicin.
  • Add half a teaspoon of cayenne pepper to a cup of warm water. Add little lemon and honey to enhance taste. Drink it as and when you need.

 

 

 

posted May 8 by Swaroop

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PMS

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is combination of physical, psychological, or emotional disturbances that occur during certain days of the menstrual cycle, usually, a few days before the menses. It affects up to 85% of the menstruating women and the severity of PMS symptoms varies from woman to woman.

 

Symptoms

 

  • You may experience abdominal pain or bloating.
  • Sore or tender breasts is also a sign of PMS.
  • You may have food cravings.
  • Constipation, diarrhea are also some of the symptoms of PMS.
  • You may notice acne on your face.
  • Fatigue, headaches are also indications of PMS.
  • You may experience emotional/behavioural symptoms such as anxiety, depression, irritability, insomnia, sadness, mood-swings, crying spells, etc.

 

Causes

 

  • Hormone changes; levels of progesterone and oestrogen rise and fall during menstrual cycle. Hormone changes contribute a lot to symptoms of PMS.
  • Chemical changes in the brain: Hormone changes affect the levels of certain chemicals in the brain, such as serotonin. Fluctuations or reduction in serotonin levels cause mood changes, depression, and sadness.
  • Poor diet; eating too much or too less contribute to PMS symptoms.
  • External factors such as stress, depression, weight gain, lack of exercise, all make your PMS symptoms worse.

 

Home Remedies To Cure Premenstrual Syndrome

 

Ginger

 

  • Ginger is an excellent home remedy for PMS. It helps reduce the severity of premenstrual syndrome.
  • Add one teaspoon of chopped ginger to a cup of boiling water. Leave it for 5 minutes, strain and drink 3-4 cups daily at least for a week before your menses. 

 

Apple Cider Vinegar

 

  • Apple cider vinegar is an effective home remedy for reducing some of the PMS symptoms such as bloating, cramping, fatigue, headaches, etc.
  • Mix 2 teaspoons of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar and little organic honey to a glass of water. Drink this mixture twice a day.

 

Flax-seeds

flaxseed

  • The omega-3 fatty acids of flax-seeds is very helpful for reducing PMS symptoms such as sore breasts, depression, anxiety, headaches, and more.
  • Eat 1 tablespoon of powdered flax-seeds daily.
  • You can also include flax-seeds in your daily diet.
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Chasteberry

chasteberry

  • Chasteberry or vitex, help to regulate prolactin, a hormone that is believed to be contributed factor in PMS symptoms.
  • Consume about 400 mg of standard extract of vitex daily.
  • Alternatively, take 100 mg of vitex extract twice daily.
  • Another option is, take 40 drops of vitex tincture daily.

 

Calcium/Magnesium rich foods

 

  • Calcium helps balancing hormones and relieves PMS symptoms. Magnesium reduces symptoms like sore breasts, bloating, etc.
  • Regularly consume calcium/magnesium rich foods such as beans, nuts, bananas, green leafy vegetables.

 

 

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indigestion

Indigestion is a functional disease in which the gastrointestinal organs, especially stomach and small intestine fail to function normally. Symptoms of indigestion may fluctuate in their frequency and intensity.

 

Symptoms

 

  • Feeling full, even though you haven't eaten your entire meal, is an early symptom of indigestion.
  • Abdominal bloating is often caused by indigestion.
  • Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and belching are also signs of indigestion.
  • You may also feel an uncomfortable heat or burning sensation in the upper abdomen (between your navel and the bottom of your breast bone).
  • You may also experience an acidic taste in your mouth.
  •  

Causes

 

  • Eating too quickly or over consumption of food may cause indigestion.
  • Poor diet, eating fatty, spicy, or greasy foods also causes indigestion.
  • Smoking, alcohol consumption, carbohydrated beverages also contribute to indigestion.
  • Certain medications, pain killers, antibiotics, and iron supplements also result in indigestion.
  • Several digestive conditions such as gastritis, gallstones, peptic ulcers, stomach constipation lead to indigestion.

 

Home Remedies To Cure Indigestion

 

Apple Cider Vinegar

 

  • Though apple cider vinegar is acidic in nature, it also has an alkalizing effect, which helps to resolve indigestion.
  • Add one tablespoon of apple cider vinegar and one teaspoon of honey to a cup of water. Drink this two to three times daily.
  •  

Fennel Seeds

 

  • Fennel seeds are very helpful if indigestion is caused by eating spicy and fatty foods.
  • Regularly consume half a teaspoon of fennel seed powder(dry roasted and grinded) along with water.
  • Another option is, you can add 2 teaspoons of fennel seed powder to a cup of boiling water and drink it as a morning tea.
  •  

Ginger

ginger

  • Ginger helps to digest your food by stimulating flow of enzymes and digestive juices. Ginger is helpful especially if the indigestion is caused by overeating.
  • Consume the mixture of 2 teaspoons of ginger juice, a pinch of salt, black salt, and one teaspoon of lemon juice. You can also add this mixture to water and drink it.
  • Add ginger to your daily diet whenever possible.

Baking Soda

 

  • Baking soda is an effective remedy for indigestion as it acts as an antacid.
  • Add half a teaspoon of baking soda to half a cup of water. Stir and drink it.

 

Cumin Seeds

cumin seeds

  • Cumin seeds stimulate secretion of pancreatic enzymes that help digestion.
  • Add ¼ teaspoon each of black pepper and cumin seeds to a glass of buttermilk. Drink it 2-3 times daily until you get relief.
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fever

Fever is the elevation of body temperature. Body temperature is considered elevated if the temperature goes above the normal oral measurement of 98.6˚F or the normal rectal measurement of 99˚F. However, fever is not considered medically significant until the temperature reaches 100.4˚F. If the body temperature is below 100. 4˚F, then it is considered as low-grade fever. Fever is contagious only if it is caused by viral or bacterial infection.

 

Symptoms

 

  • The main symptom of fever is shivering and feeling cold when nobody else does.
  • Headache and aching muscles/joints may also be signs of fever.
  • Dehydration is another indication that your immune system is getting weaker.
  • Weakness and dizziness are often caused by fever.
  • Loss of appetite is very common when you are suffering from fever.
  • You may also notice excessive sweating when you have elevated temperature.
  •  

Causes

 

  • Viruses and bacteria are the most common reasons for fever.
  • Typical infections that cause fever include those of throat, ear, lung, bladder, and more.
  • Some medications also make you feel feverish.
  • Fever can also be caused by excessive exposure of the skin to sunlight.

 

Home Remedies To Cure Fatigue

 

Water

drink water

  • Soak a clean cloth in cold water, squeeze out the excess water and then sponge your hands, groin, feet, and armpit. This will help you reduce your body temperature.
  • You can also place a damp cloth on your forehead. Change the cloth pieces regularly after few minutes. This method is beneficial to bring down your temperature if you've high fever.

 

Basil

basil

  • Basil acts as an antibiotic and it will help reduce fever quickly.
  • Add 20 basil leaves and a teaspoon of crushed ginger to a cup of water, boil them until the solution gets reduced to half. Then add little honey to this solution and drink it 2-3 times daily for three days.
  •  

Ginger

 

  • Ginger is a natural antiviral and antibacterial agent. It helps to expel the heat and reduce the body temperature.
  • Drink ginger tea by adding a half teaspoon of crushed ginger to a cup of boiling water.
  • You can also mix  one teaspoon of ginger juice with one teaspoon of honey and lemon juice. Consume this 3-4 times a day.

 

Turmeric

turmeric

  • Turmeric has antiviral, antifungal, anti bacterial, and antioxindant properties. This helps your body to fight any infection.
  • Add half a teaspoon of turmeric powder and one-fourth teaspoon of pepper powder to a cup of hot milk. Drink this mixture twice a day.
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flu

Flu is an infectious respiratory disease caused by a virus called influenza. Flu can be dangerous if left untreated, and at times can lead to death. You can prevent flu by getting a flu shot(vaccination) every year.

 

Symptoms

 

  • Most common symptoms of flue include fever or feeling chills.
  • Cough and sore throat may also indicate that you've caught infection.
  • Flu also makes a person feel fatigue.
  • You may experience headache and muscle ache if you're suffering from flu.
  • Vomiting and diarrhea are also signs of flu. However, this is more common in children than adults.
  •  

Causes

 

  • Flu is caused by influenza virus. There are three types of influenza viruses, including type A, B, and C.
  • Type B influenza viruses are most commonly circulated among humans while type A are found mostly in different animals, including chickens, pigs, and ducks.
  • Influenza viruses spread from a infected person to a healthy person through coughing and sneezing.
  • Sometimes people get infected by touching a contaminated surface and then touching their nose or mouth.

 

Home Remedies To Cure Fatigue

Honey

honey

  • Honey has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. It helps to reduce flu symptoms by boosting the immune system.
  • Add a tablespoon of honey to a glass of warm water and drink it several times a day.
  • You can also mix equal amount of honey and onion juice and consume one teaspoon of this mixture thrice a day.

 

Ginger

ginger

  • Ginger has powerful anti-inflammatory properties and it helps to treat the various symptoms of flu.
  • Drink ginger tea by adding a half teaspoon of crushed ginger to a cup of boiling water.
  • You can also eat small pieces of fresh ginger several times a day.
  •  

Lemon

 

  • Lemon's antiviral, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antifungal properties help to weaken flu viruses.
  • Add some lemon juice and one tablespoon of rum and honey to a cup of boiling water. Drink this mixture twice a day.
  • Put one chopped lemon into a cup of boiling water. Let it boil for another 5-10 mins, inhale this steam 3-4 times a day until you feel better.

 

Garlic

garlic

  • Garlic can work like a magic for flu as it has got antiviral, antifungal, antibacterial, and antiseptic properties.
  • Add chopped pieces of 2-3 garlic cloves into a cup of hot water. Let it boil for 5-10 mins, strain the water and then drink it. Repeat this 3-4 times a day.
  • You can also consume a teaspoon of garlic juice with water or chew one raw garlic 3-4 times a day.
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vomiting

Vomiting is not usually a sign of something serious happening in your body but is the forceful removal of stuff from the stomach which the body has been unable to digest. Very rarely does vomiting indicate something major to be concerned about.

Symptoms

  • Abdominal pain is an indicator that the body is rejecting something.
  • Diarrhea accompanied with vomiting is a sign of food poisoning.
  • Fever is another sign that indicates that the stomach has not been able to accept something.
  • Feeling light headed is very common when one feels like throwing up.
  • Dry mouth is often caused because of vomiting
  • Vertigo often causes vomiting.

Causes

  • Food poisoning is a reason why a person vomits as the stomach is rejecting some food that the person has eaten.
  • Early stages of pregnancy cause vomiting as the body is going through changes and especially hormonal changes.
  • Motion sickness often causes throwing up and many people suffer from sea sickness too which makes them take out everything forcefully.
  • Many antibiotics cause the person taking them to vomit as they are heavy dosages and the body is not used to them.
  • Stress caused due to emotional factors and also experiencing intense pain cause the stomach to throw out whatever there is in it.
  • There are a number of illnesses and diseases such as gall bladder, flu, heart attacks, ulcers and so on which induce a person to puke.

Home remedies to cure vomiting

Water

  • A person who is vomiting should make it a point to drink plenty of water as a lot of water is lost when one vomits and there is a very high chance of getting dehydrated. 
  • This can lead to further problems. Water helps maintain the balance of fluid in the body.

Ginger

  • Crush a piece of ginger, around one inch in size, and add it to water. Let it rest for 15 minutes and drink it immediately. It will cure the nausea.
  • Make ginger tea with honey and lime. It helps in treating vomiting too.

Mint leaves

mint leaves

  • Chew a handful of mint leaves cools the stomach and removes the irritation from the gut and esophagus.
  • You can make a tea by boiling mint leaves in hot water. Drink it with lemon and honey. You can have the same cold too.
  • Add mint to salads and foods.

Cinnamon

cinnamon

  • The properties present in cinnamon instantly cure indigestion. Hence of vomiting is caused because of improper digestion cinnamon will definitely help.
  • Mix cinnamon in your food, especially tea or coffee. You can also make a weak cinnamon tea or just have a bit of the powder.

Salt and sugar

salt and sugar water

  • A tablespoon of sugar along with a pinch of salt added to a glass of water treats the imbalance created because of vomiting. Do this 2-3 times a day to prevent loss of fluids.
  • It also triggers off bile juices to get to work and prevent the root cause of indigestion.

Lemon juice

  • Lemons have the essential vitamins and minerals such as calcium, magnesium, vitamin C and B. This helps in restoring the properties lost from the body due to throwing up. 
  • Hence drinking a glass of water with lemon juice added to it is a great cure.
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